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Timeline


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1921
SACP is formed.
1924
NUSAS is formed.
18 December 1946
Steve Biko was born.
1960
The Black Consciousness Movement was formed in the mid-1960s.
21 March 1960
The Sharpeville Massacre
11 July 1963
The Rivonia Trial was a trial that took place between 1963 and 1964, in which many leaders of the African National Congress were tried for 221 acts of sabotage designed to overthrow the apartheid system.
July 1969
SASO was formed.
March 1972
The South African Students' Movement (SASM) was formed.
16 June 1976
The Soweto Uprising - about 20 000 students marched against Afrikaans being introduced as a medium of instruction in schools.
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1977
SASO and other BC organisations were banned.
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12 September 1977
Steve Biko died in detention under mysterious circumstances.
14 September 1977
Minister of Police, Jimmy Kruger announces at the Nationalist Party Congress that Steve Biko died from hunger as a result of being in hunger strike.
25 September 1977
Steve Biko is laid to rest. The funeral was reportedly attended by around 15 to 20 000 people.
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09 November 1977
Minister of Police, Jimmy Kruger admits that Steve Biko died from brain damage.
1979
AZASO is formed and officially launched two years later.
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1979
W Botha became the Prime Minister and implemented his 'Total Strategy' to consolidate a state wide security strategy. This policy served as the basis for transformation of the South African state into a military bureaucracy, controlled by the National Security Management System (NSMS)
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June 1979
COSAS was established.
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1981
AZASO is "officially" launched after its formation in 1979.
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06 October 1982
Mass meeting on torture and deaths in detention.
20 August 1983
UDF is officially formed.
1984
The School Boycotts of 1985 rendered the schools ungovernable mirroring the collapse of the Black Local Authorities (BLA).
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1985
COSATU is formed.
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20 July 1985
Declared 'Goniwe Day', this is the day the Cradock Four, whom Matthew Goniwe was part of, were laid to rest.
1986
State of emergency
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1986
NECC is formed.
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1986
SANSCO is formed.
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28 March 1987
SAYCO was launched, 9 months into the 1986 state of emergency.
22 March 1988
Katlehong youth beaten by police.
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27 October 1990
The ANCYL is re-launched at Orlando Stadium.
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September 1991
NUSAS and SANSCO merge to form SASCO.
24 August 1993
The conscription system is officially abolished.
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